ADELAIDE - The sanctions imposed upon Iran by the USA are causing a huge amount of damage to that country’s economy.
The people of Iran, as distinct from the ruling regime, are suffering a great deal as a consequence.
What surprised me was that an apparently quite closed and tightly controlled economy like Iran’s was so susceptible to the influence of the US government’s edicts.
Continue reading "Neo-colonialism: It’s not personal; it’s just business" »
Diane Mandui Mirio
DIANE MANDUI MIRIO
| An entry in the Crocodile Prize
KIMBE - We hear a lot about stress related jobs and events in our lives, but there's one particular stress that gets everyone agitated and it happens frequently in Papua New Guinea.
I call it ‘pay day stress syndrome’.
While it is every parent's hope in PNG to see their child go well in school and proceed to tertiary institution or a paid job, there are insecurities that don't hit the limelight.
Continue reading "16 useful tips to defeat pay day stress" »
Peter Milton Walker and Jessica Ann Groff arriving at Maroochydore watchhouse in July
| Sunshine Coast Daily
MAROOCHYDORE - The value of an alleged family gold heist has skyrocketed from $150,000 up to $1 million “and climbing”, a court has heard.
Peter Milton Walker, 70, and his daughter-in-law, Jessica Ann Groff, 40, were arrested on outstanding warrants and extradited from Ballina to the Sunshine Coast in July this year.
Continue reading "The expanding million dollar PNG gold heist" »
Powes Parkop has initiated a Million Trees campaign as part of his program to promote resistance to climate change in Port Moresby and PNG
NEW YORK – Governor Powes Parkop will today address a United Nations climate action summit which is seeking to mobilise collaboration and investment to accelerate and support climate action to combat global climate change.
The boss of Papua New Guinea's capital will share his experience from Port Moresby and emphasise the serious problems issues that PNG and small island developing nations in the Pacific and elsewhere face with climate change.
Continue reading "‘We’re an important voice,’ Parkop tells climate summit" »
| Transparency International
BERLIN - The climate crisis, like corruption, is a matter of life or death.
The evidence is hard and clear. The last five years are the hottest ever recorded in the 139 years that the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has tracked global heat.
Continue reading "The great twin threats of climate & corruption" »
The higher you Dream
Your dream is your destination
Your dream spearheading your life
Your dream overcoming the storm
Your dream seeing the beauty of your future
Your dream leading you always forward
Continue reading "You are the product of your dream" »
SONOMA - From James Marape’s maiden political discourse emerged two critical enablers for achieving the dream to ‘Take Back PNG’: a workable plan and bold action
Every politician and statesman makes grandiose speeches presenting compelling narratives of an attractive and prosperous future for their nation.
They reveal to the people a vision that looks bright and seems achievable. A vision, of course, is not about the present but the future.
Continue reading "We've heard the rhetoric – now plan & execute" »
| An entry in the Crocodile Prize
PORT MORESBY - The time on the device read 2:45am as I shoved it feebly aside and tossed restlessly around for the hundredth time.
I forced my reluctant eyelids to shut, shielding my eyeballs from the walls that seem to stare back at me in deadly silence but overhearing my thoughts.
Today is the day of the court hearing. The fate of seven years of marriage lies in the hands of a stranger with a black robe and wooden hammer seated behind a tall desk.
Continue reading "A modern tale of technology, love & flawed choices" »
Home calls me back
When the days are dry and hot
I think of cool and shady home
When paying monthly water bills
I think of free fresh water at home
When power bills escalate
I think of abundant firewood at home
When faced with food shortages
I think of garden surplus at home
My soul drifts back home
Continue reading "Ples Mahn" »
TUMBY BAY - The response of Papua New Guinea’s intellectuals to the celebration of its 44th year of independence have been very interesting if comments on PNG Attitude are any sort of guide.
On the one hand the response has been low-key and on the other it has generated a questioning of the whole concept of independence and what it means.
Continue reading "Listen up! Pre-colonial life can teach us a lot" »
James Marape - "Let's show the world that Melanesian consensus can provide answers to PNG's internal problems"
JAMES MARAPE MP
| Edited extract from an address by prime minister Marape to the Bougainville House of Representatives, Wednesday 11 September
BUKA – Forty-four years ago, we claimed independence from colonial rule over our land and resources.
Yet some legacies and shackles we still try to get out of today show that both Papua New Guinea and Bougainville are not truly independent in terms of economic strength.
Continue reading "Unity in diversity: why we’re still together 44 years on" »
Sir Mek - "A blatant disregard for the law and for the transparency and accountability required of public bodies"
SIR MEKERE MORAUTA MP
| Former Prime Minister and Member for Moresby North-West
PORT MORESBY- The lack of transparency and accountability of the Mineral Resources Development Corporation (MRDC) and its subsidiaries may be hiding a multitude of sins.
What has been hidden from the group’s auditors and the auditor-general, incorrectly reported in annual financial statements or simply not reported at all may be a ticking time bomb for landowners and the funds they have entrusted to MRDC.
Continue reading " Why all the secrecy? What is MRDC hiding?" »
Joseph Nobetau - "An orchestrated attack on my character and credibility because I adhered to the government’s direction to tackle corruption"
BUKA – Bougainville’s top public servant has initiated proceedings in Papua New Guinea’s national court seeking a judicial review of his sacking by the Bougainville cabinet.
The decision by chief secretary Joseph Nobetau to contest his dismissal will have enormous repercussions throughout the autonomous province as the referendum on its political future approaches in November.
Continue reading "Fired B’ville bureaucrat says ‘I was tackling corruption’" »
Hand-outs to politicians for development purposes are being abused and need to be abolished say Cathoic bishop - and many other people
MICHIGAN, USA - The District Services Improvement Program (DSIP) and Provincial Services Improvement Program (PSIP) are both valued highly by members of parliament in Papua New Guinea because they allow MPs considerable discretion in how the money is used.
For the last several years I’ve been paying particular attention to this DSIP and PSIP spending.
While DSIP and PSIP have great potential for development at the same time both programs can suck MPs into corruption.
Continue reading "Time to crack down on MPs stealing public funds" »
The 'blackface' performer at the Exxon Independence Day event. 'Blackface' is considered offensive by many people and this incident has drawn great criticism
| ABC Pacific Mornings | Extract
You can link here to Anthony Stewart’s full story
And here’s an explainer on why ‘blackface’ is offensive
MELBOURNE - A performance at the Port Moresby headquarters of oil giant Exxon Mobil has sparked controversy in Papua New Guinea, with some locals saying the show disrespected their culture.
The video posted on Twitter shows a man painted brown and dressed in the traditional clothing of PNG's Tolai people while dancing around in celebration ahead of Monday's 44th independence day.
Continue reading "'Blackface' at Exxon I-Day event causes storm" »
Governor Powes Parkop fronts an Independence Day crowd in Port Moresby - was the notion of gaining 'independence' ever relevant?
PORT MORESBY - As our 44th independence anniversary drew to a close, I took some time to reflect on the concept of 'independence'.
What are we independent of? And from who are we independent?
Since when did we depend on others, and what did we depend on them for that we don't need to depend on them anymore?
And, anyway, are we really independent in an increasingly interdependent world?
Continue reading "Independence Day? We were always independent...." »
China makes another significant inroad into the Pacific as the Solomons abandons Taiwan despite strenuous efforts by the USA to persuade it not to
| The Guardian
SYDNEY - The Solomon Islands’ government has voted to sever its longstanding ties with Taiwan and take up diplomatic relations with Beijing.
The move is a huge blow to self-ruled Taiwan, which has lost six allies since 2016, and to Taiwan’s president, Tsai Ing-wen, who is seeking re-election in January amid rising tension with China.
The Solomon Islands, with about 600,000 people, is the latest country to switch allegiance to China since Tsai came to office in 2016, following Burkina Faso, the Dominican Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe, Panama and El Salvador.
Continue reading "China extends influence as Solomons ditches Taiwan" »
Sister Teresa and Vietnamese detainees - ensuring that barriers to freedom and justice are overcome
FR AMBROSE PEREIRA
| Asia News
PORT MORESBY– Young migrants, refugees and people detained in Papua New Guinea struggle to overcome the barriers of language and culture as they seek to get back to their homeland or a third country.
They experience not just separation from their places of origin but also cultural and religious uprooting.
This is where the Church can serve as a reference point for these people. “The Church has an important role and can bring new life to them” (Christus vivit, Chap 3, par 93).
Continue reading "Viet detainees return to families thanks to Sr Teresa" »
John Momis and James Marape after their top level meeting in Bougainville last week
| Speaker, Bougainville House of Representatives
BUKA - I want to reflect on the upcoming referendum and the future political path of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville.
As a Bougainvillean and a Papua New Guinean, I am less concerned about greater autonomy, independence (or the ‘third choice’ whatever it might be).
The simple fact is that two options are already guaranteed, and it is now for the people to make their choice.
Continue reading "Whatever Bougainville’s future, we need good govt" »
PORT MORESBY – Here’s a brief update about our bid to petition prime minister James Marape to promote literature in Papua New Guinea.
Since being in the national capital I have met with petition organisers Caroline Evari and Betty Wakia for the first time.
It appears that the petition had reached an anti-climax, if not a full stop.
Betty was told that prime minister James Marape was busy so she left it at that.
Caroline was given a quotation for over K8,000 by one of the national newspapers if the petition was to be published as an advertisement.
Continue reading "Literature petition update: getting round the roadblock" »
Haven: Harry Flynn's Final Odyssey by Philip Fitzpatrick. Independently published, 457 pages, paperback ISBN-13: 978-1693100352. Available here from Amazon, US$ $15.84
TUMBY BAY - For those poor souls who spend a significant amount of their lives working in one of the caring or service professions there often comes a point when they realise that no matter how noble their intentions what they are doing is ultimately futile in the face of the vested interests arranged against them.
When that moment arrives most people tend to ditch their ethical inclinations and carry on regardless, a wage is, after all, a wage and a prime necessity in modern life. Turning a blind eye becomes an economic imperative.
Continue reading "Want to blow it all up & get out of here? Harry did" »
The front page of the Post-Courier of Tuesday, 16 September 1975. The newspaper in my archive is now brown and showing its age but it still radiates the excitement and joy of that remarkable day when Papua New Guinea set out on its own journey as a united and sovereign nation - KJ
And in this special Independence Day edition of PNG Attitude....
I have reason to celebrate this Independence Day, an essay by Francis Nii
Flying the new flag: It was the kiap's duty, a memoir by Robert Forster
Airwaves struggles: Broadcasting back then, history by Keith Jackson
Sgt Kasari Aru - recollections of independence, extract from a new novel by Philip Fitzpatrick
Today is our country's birthday, poetry by Porap Gai
Why we should celebrate Independence Day, article by Lucy Kopana
Take Back PNG, poetry by Joseph Tambure
Francis Nii and the green hills of Kundiawa
KUNDIAWA - In the last eight years, when other Papua New Guineans celebrated their country’s independence anniversary on 16 September each year, to me it was just like any other day.
I didn’t feel anything special about the occasion. Independence was meaningless and unimportant to me.
Although 2016 had been a special year, in that I spent one week in Australia and attended the Brisbane Writers Festival, and in 2018, PNG hosted the historic APEC meeting in Port Moresby, when it came to 16 September there wasn’t any special feeling in me.
Continue reading "I have reason to celebrate this Independence Day" »
The new 'Kumul' flag of Papua New Guinea is raised in a remote Highlands community in 1974 (Graham Forster)
NORTHUMBRIA, UK - On Independence Day in September 1975 few, if any, Papua New Guineans had not already seen their new flag flown formally or the respect with which it had been presented.
This was the result of a carefully planned operation that began well before the introduction of self-government in December 1973.
It was aimed at building familiarity with the flag itself as well as softening the mental jolt faced by villagers, especially in the Highlands, who were being asked to abandon the form of government with which they were familiar.
At the core of this successful story of hurried preparation for independence was a Port Moresby-led central bureaucracy, the kiap system, through which direct government contact with villagers throughout PNG was regularly maintained no matter how remote the location.
Continue reading "Flying the new flag: It was a kiap’s duty" »
NBC radio stations operating at independence in 1975. Vanimo and Wabag had begun transmission by 1984
NOOSA - I arrived in Papua New Guinea in 1963 as a school teacher and left in 1976 as a broadcaster and journalist with 10 years under my belt.
This was to be my first substantive career, and – after many adventures in Asia-Pacific - it culminated in my appointment as a senior executive in the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), before I turned my communications activities to public relations in 1988.
Continue reading "Airwaves struggles: Broadcasting back then" »
Tambul warrior, 1970
PORT MORESBY - I can still remember Independence Day on 16 September 1975 as if it had happened yesterday.
I had been transferred from Mount Hagen to the high and chilly patrol post at Tambul. The local kiap was from Finschhafen and he felt the cold like me but Temi and my children seemed to enjoy it.
Roland was about five years old by then and our new daughter, Dinah, was about 18 months old. To all intents and purposes they were little highlanders.
Continue reading "Sgt Kasari Aru – recollections of independence" »
Today is our country’s birthday
Now is the time for fireworks and fun
But we shouldn’t forget its reason
This is one of the most important days
To mark the freedom of our people
Today’s the day the nation became our own
It’s the date of our country’s birth
For many years under Australia’s rule
And now a governance of our own
Give thanks to the good Lord above
Continue reading "Today Is Our Country’s Birthday" »
LUCY KOPANA | My Land, My Country
LAE - Today Papua New Guinea celebrates 44 years of independence.
I’ve heard people ask questions about why we celebrate independence when our government systems are corrupt, when our service delivery is inefficient, when 80% of the people in rural areas still struggle with access to basic services, when our roads keep deteriorating, when there are so many other problems.
Continue reading "Why we should celebrate independence day" »
This catchphrase of ownership
Proclaimed from the very top
Repeated across breadth and length
Through media, phone, garamut, conch
Yodel, mirror and signalling smoke
Take Back PNG
Continue reading "Take Back PNG" »
Ian Ling-Stuckey - "The PNG economy has been struggling and bleeding. Budget prospects for 2019 are extremely difficult. There is bad news coming"
NEWS DESK | Radio New Zealand | Edited
PORT MORESBY - Papua New Guinea is in an "increasingly fragile fiscal position" and an "economic hole", according to PNG's new Treasury Minister Ian Ling-Stuckey.
The precarious situation was revealed by a check of the government's finances by treasury and economic officials.
Continue reading "PNG in 'economic hole' says new treasurer" »
Peter O'Neill has been been exaggerating the value of funding he provided for district development
MICHIGAN, USA - Former prime minister Peter O’Neill seems slow to understand the implications of the reality that he is no longer the leader of Papua New Guinea.
He thinks that when new prime minister James Marape attempts to pass legislation that he disagrees with, that he can tell the untruths he was able to get away with during his seven years in power.
Continue reading "O’Neill continues to deceive on district funding" »
My mother was bought,
With items traditional dearly sought,
Big fat pigs, their tusks and other shells,
Many an item from far coastal lands,
For these were things of value,
To the fathers of me and you
My wife was bought,
With items less traditionally sought,
Money and beer,
Many an item of modern-times dear,
For these are things of value,
To people like me and you
Continue reading "Bride Price" »
Study the Bible
To know His will
To love His will
To follow His will
Dark minds lightened
Dim faith glows
Feeble saints fortified
To combat against devil’s temptations
Continue reading "Study the Bible" »
Continue reading "Did 'presource curse' just deliver a pile of dung?" »
PNG Attitude as it now appears on mobile devices
NOOSA – I’m guessing that PNG Attitude’s first design change in six years will bring with it a ‘shock of the new’ feeling for many readers, but it also has some really tangible advantages.
Perhaps the most important of these is that the design change manifests itself as a particular improvement for the hugely increased number of readers (and especially the 6,200 followers on Twitter) who since 2013 have begun to access the blog on their mobile phones.
Previously, the mobile blog screen appearance was a miniature version of the larger scale PC presentation, and pretty difficult to read and to add comments to. Now it’s in a much more friendly format.
Continue reading "New blog design has benefits for mobile readers" »
Chief Maika Somi - "“We were caught off guard,” he recalls, “people did not have time to take cover"
NEWS DESK | International Committee of the Red Cross
GENEVA - Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the rugged ranges of Wakunai, the people of the village of Aita were forced to abandon their subsistence way of life and flee into the mountains.
It was during the Bougainville civil war of the 1990s and Aita’s 3,000 people had to escape the deadly bullets of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force.
They had lived safely in the tropical jungle until the fateful afternoon of 17 May 1992, when a band of rowdy soldiers attacked their camp while the villagers were celebrating the region's self-proclaimed independence day.
Continue reading "Aita’s memorial for civil war dead brings closure" »
Audience members enjoy the debates and quizzes at a competition that started because of the unfriendly Simbu topography
KUNDIAWA - What started as a debating and quiz competition at Wandi Primary School due to lack of sporting facilities has developed into a successful annual event in the Kundiawa-Gembogl District of Simbu Province.
When teacher Fred Tovili, originally from West New Britain, was appointed as the school's sports coordinator, he could not organise sporting activities for the students because of the lack of suitable land.
Continue reading "Simbu school debating contest is more than hot air" »
"The mourning woman brought back vivid memories of my own mother dressed exactly the same when my baby brother, Nuamb, died nearly 60 years ago"
WABAG – It’s too easy to forget and slowly lose some of Papua New Guinea’s authentic traditional practices.
This realisation came to me at the recent 25th Enga Cultural Show as I stood intrigued by a lady covered from head to foot in white clay who was sitting with four other women in a booth at the far end of the showground.
She was wearing many white necklaces made with ripe seeds - or Jobs Tears - harvested from a plant called waku that grows wild in old abandoned gardens.
Continue reading "Lady in mourning captivates me at the Enga show" »
Gori standing in Buka passage (Taloi Havini & Stuart Miller)
SANA BALAI & JUDITH RYAN
| National Gallery of Victoria
MELBOURNE - The National Gallery of Victoria recently acquired three powerful and disarming photographs from the series Blood Generation, 2009–11, by Bougainville-born artist Taloi Havini and Australian photographer Stuart Miller.
This important series is dedicated to the ‘blood generation’ of young men and women born during the bitter and prolonged war between Papua New Guinea and the people of Bougainville (1989–98).
Continue reading "Stark images of Bougainville’s ‘blood generation’" »
The Batek people of the Malaysian hinterland who bear a striking resemblance to the people of Melanesia (Dr Patrick Pikacha)
DUBLIN, IRELAND - Earlier this year, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation published an article by Caroline Tiriman in Tok Pisin entitled, ‘Ol Melanesian Pipal blong Asia’ ['The Melanesian People of Asia'].
I was struck by the resemblance of the Batek people of Malaysia pictured in the article to the Melanesian people we know in Papua New Guinea and nearby countries in the Pacific.
Continue reading "Remarkable ‘Melanesians’ found in Malaysia jungle" »
James Marape and John Momis - "Both governments must be prepared to negotiate in good faith whatever the outcome. They must be ready to negotiate hard with the aim of getting an outcome that is acceptable to both sides" (John Momis)
JOHN MOMIS | Bougainville President
This is the last of three edited extracts of Dr Momis’s recent speech to the Papua New Guinea parliament in which he addressed the history, current state and what processes will follow upon November’s referendum on Bougainville’s political future
PORT MORESBY - The provisions of the referendum on Bougainville’s political future leave the outcome to be negotiated between the Papua New Guinea and Bougainville governments, with the national parliament having the final say on what happens.
This means that some time will be needed after the referendum to negotiate and decide what happens next.
Continue reading "Bougainville’s referendum: Part 3 – The future" »
Governors Gary Juffa and Powes Parkop lead the West Papua freedom march on Monday
GOVERNOR POWES PARKOP
PORT MORESBY - The right to self-determination is not just a universal declaration provided in Article 1 of the United Nation Charter, it’s also a right promulgated by God when he got Moses to tell Pharaoh, ‘Let my people go!’
Thank you Governor Gary Juffa for your continuous support for our people of West Papua. You have never withered and I salute you. You are a champion of our people.
I thank prime minister James Marape for the brave stand he has taken. We are a manifestation of that stand that we won’t stand by and allow our people to be killed and oppressed.
Continue reading "Truth will set free the people of West Papua" »
Sir Mekere Morauta - New revelations affirm prime minister Marape’s decision to hold an inquiry into MRDC
SIR MEKERE MORAUTA
PORT MORESBY - New information about the scandal-plagued Mineral Resources Development Corporation has become available, reinforcing the urgent need for an inquiry into its operations and the status of the hundreds of millions of kina it manages on behalf of landowner companies.
There is now a mountain of allegations about MRDC and its landowner subsidiaries. I expect that in the coming weeks more will be revealed about their dubious activities and the real value of the investments they have made, purportedly in the interest of landowners.
Continue reading "Mountain of allegations about MRDC scandal" »
JOHN MOMIS | Address to the Papua New Guinea Parliament
PNG Attitude is publishing edited extracts of Dr Momis’s address in three parts representing the history, the present and the future of November’s referendum on Bougainville’s political future
PORT MORESBY - The referendum on independence for Bougainville is the third pillar of the peace agreement between the PNG government and Bougainville leaders signed on 30 August 2001.
The referendum is being held in accordance with the agreement from late November to early December.
Continue reading "Bougainville’s referendum: Part 2 – The status quo" »
Children on an oil palm estate - life in camps with no schools and their birthright disappearing
NEWS DESK | Sarawak Report | Edited extract
SARAWAK, MALAYSIA - Dayak landowners of Sarawak will take no pleasure, but experience little surprise, in hearing how the people of Papua New Guinea have been ill-treated by logging and oil palm plantation conglomerates based in East Malaysia.
These are companies who first robbed Sarawakians of their land rights before extending operations into virtually all the remaining timber reserves on the planet.
Continue reading "Malaysian companies exploit oil palm workers" »
The early sun rays signal break of dawn
A child awakes with stifled yawn
The rooster crows, the birds they sing
The crackle of twigs tell a fire’s kindling
A mother hums, she makes some tea,
With ash-baked kaukau for the family,
One by one round the fire they gather,
And share together with mother and father
Continue reading "Village Life" »
John Momis - "The Bougainville peace process has been remarkably successful and is recognised around the world as one of the best in the last 25 years"
JOHN MOMIS | Bougainville President
PNG Attitude is presenting edited extracts of Dr Momis’s recent address to the Papua New Guinea parliament in three parts representing the history, the present and the future of November’s referendum on Bougainville’s political future
PORT MORESBY - You may ask why there is such a strong interest in independence on the part of so many Bougainvilleans.
The origins of that go back at least as far as the early years after World War II, and probably began with resentment of the colonial administration’s neglect of development of Bougainville.
Continue reading "Bougainville’s referendum: Part 1 – The history" »
CARDIFF, WALES - I’m a simple person who lived in Papua New Guinea for over 30 years and who feels there is something very wrong with the political system when a very large island nation with a small population and blessed with a super abundance of resources has experts talking about its fragile state.
Indeed why has the former Australian territory of PNG with such an abundance of wealth has depended for over 44 years since independence on Australia for many billions of dollars in grants and other forms of aid.
I would love someone to research how many massive billions have been earned by the various extractive companies over those 44 years plus the billions earned in cash crops such as coffee, cocoa, copra, oil palm in addition to the many billions transferred from tropical logs and the wealth derived from PNG’s huge marine zone fisheries.
Continue reading "Something wrong when PNG’s wealth benefits others" »
Leaders in Oro Province are taking steps to protect the endangered Queen Alexandra Birdwing butterfly
NEWS DESK | NBC News / PNG Today
PORT MORESBY - Concern has been raised in Papua New Guinea and overseas about the disappearance of the Queen Alexandra Birdwing butterfly species in Oro Province.
The Birdwing is the world's largest butterfly and it is found only in PNG and can be found only on the Managalas plateau in Oro.
A proposal presented to the Ijivitari District Development Authority by local MP Richard Masere said there are plans to establish a foundation to protect the endangered butterfly.
"I want to be the patron of this foundation,” Masere said.
“To kick start the foundation's work I'm putting K10,000 to campaign to save the Queen Alexandra butterfly.
Continue reading "Oro Province moves to protect the world's biggest butterfly" »
Black Christian Countries (Source: Devpolicy Blog)
ANDREW KORYBKO | Eurasia Future
MOSCOW - The new prime minister of Papua New Guinea only entered office a few months ago after a long-running political scandal led to the resignation of his predecessor, Peter O'Neill.
But he’s already making waves with his ambitious vision of turning this resource-rich but poverty-stricken island country into “the richest black Christian nation on earth”.
James Marape made his Trump-like nationalist proclamation in late July during his visit to Australia, which was his first foreign trip since assuming his position.
Here he also spoke about his plan of one day “participating with Australia looking after smaller island nations”.
Continue reading "Can PNG become the 'richest black Christian nation on earth'?" »