WHEN I was a kiap in Papua New Guinea in the 1960-70s we endeavoured to patrol to every village and settlement in our areas at least twice a year. Often we visited villages three or four times a year.
Part of our training at the Australian School of Pacific Administration was in basic first aid and medicine. As a 19 year old Cadet Patrol Officer, I recall having been taught how to deliver a baby, treat broken limbs and sew up wounds. Passing the course was mandatory.
Every patrol we had a medic. Every patrol post and base camp had an aid post. Occasionally we evacuated sick people and sent them to the nearest hospital.