BOUGAINVILLE will not move along the path of advancement with the current notion of ‘dancing to the PNG and BCL tune’. The Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG) should step outside the box and streamline the politics in a way that meets with public approval.
Bougainville is not a fragile state. In the 2008 paper, A Promising Liaison: Kastom and State in Bougainville, Volker Boege argued:
‘Although, state institutions on Bougainville are still rather weak, it is misleading to see Bougainville as a fragile state. It is instead a hybrid political order in the process of state formation. This process is driven by actors and institutions not only from the realm of the state, but also from the customary sphere and civil society.’