LONG before Papua New Guinea became an independent nation in 1975, people lived according to their own traditional structures, norms and values.
The decision to establish PNG as an independent nation-state was an external initiative, derived from the 1946 Trusteeship Agreement between Australia and the United Nations and stimulated by the worldwide decolonisation movement of the time.
At independence, PNG was given responsibility to govern its own people and was provided with a Westminster system of parliamentary government.
The social spectrum of PNG now ranges from traditional village-based life to modern urban living. These interlocking systems of traditional and modern governance impact greatly on the developing national culture of today’s PNG.