THERE ARE SOME INTERESTING PARALLELS between the way the systems of government operate in Australia and Papua New Guinea. Not least is the fact that both have their problems.
In both countries there are three tiers of government. In Australia it is federal, state and local; in Papua New Guinea it is national, provincial and local.
Australia effectively gained its independence from Britain in 1901 when the states and territories became a federation. Prior to 1901 the states were largely autonomous entities.
If you were droving cattle from southwest Queensland to the market in Adelaide you had to go through customs at the South Australian border.