GEOFFREY GRAY, DOUG MUNRO & CHRISTINE WINTER | Extract
Scholars at War: Australasian Social Scientists, 1939-1945, Geoffrey Gray, Doug Munro and Christine Winter (eds), ANU E Press, Australian National University, 2012. Available online at http://epress.anu.edu.au
THE EXPERIENCE OF individual anthropologists during the Pacific War accelerated and consolidated the emergence of anthropology as an applied discipline.
Australia had long had an interest in Papua (an Australian territory from 1906; until then it had been administered by Britain) and New Guinea (a German territory until 1914 when Australia occupied it on the declaration of war, and then, from 1921, a League of Nations ‘C’ Mandate under Australian administration).