RADIO NEW ZEALAND INTERNATIONAL
The government has just released census data from 2011 which revealed the country's population had reached 7.3 million. This is estimated to have increased to about 7.8 million, with a growth rate of 3.1 percent.
A Melanesian expert at the Australia National University, Ron May (pictured), says such a high rate of growth could pose problems.
"In some parts of the country, there are already pressures on land,” he said.
“The high rate of population growth is also putting a lot of pressure on the education system, the health system, not to mention urban housing and so on. It's got quite serious implications."
Ron May says government, churches and NGOs all have a role to play in population policy.